The first contact for ocular conditions is the optometrist. The link between a patient and an ophthalmologist is the optometrist. Optometry has been provided to play a major role in the practice of ophthalmology and alleviating vision loss for those in most need and this is by the realization of the impact of uncorrected refractive error. They play an important role in integrating optometry for prevention of blindness. The major providers of vision correction have been the optometrists. An optometrist examines the degree and nature of eye problems and diseases in clinical practice.
Of a patient they take the medical history and note down their visual needs. The second leading cause of treatable blindness is uncorrected refractive error. Usually optometrists play a major role in correcting refractive errors.
They perform various eye tests to children and adults. To correct and conserve vision in patients with subnormal vision they provide low vision aid, vision therapy and rehabilitation.
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They assess and measure the amount of deviation of the eyes. Also they perform tests to determine depth perception, ocular motility disorders and the ability to focus and coordinate eyes. After checking the intra ocular pressure an optometrist can be the first person to diagnose glaucoma. A patient who is concerned about their vision can visit a community optometrist as the first one. Dispensing of prescriptions for corrective glasses also, they supervise apart from correcting refractive errors. By fitting prosthetic lenses or cosmetic shells, optometrists provide cosmetic support to patients who have disfigured eyes.
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A patient’s eyes will be examined, their sight tested and advise given on visual problems by an optometrist. They also prescribe and fit spectacles or contact lenses when need be. There are different types of optometrist. High street company optometrists are there who carry out eye examinations, give advice on eye problems, and prescribe spectacles or contact lenses. Hospital or clinic optometrists there are. Alongside ophthalmologists these ones work to treat and manage patients with a range of eye conditions.
The last group is laboratory or university optometrists. Usually, they are undertaking research into diseases treatments that can help improve or restore eye sight. Usually, optometrists write referral letters to other doctors or liaise with other medical practitioners and at times share the care of patients with chronic ophthalmic conditions. Examining the patient’s eyes to detect signs of injury, disease, abnormality or vision defects they also do. Of the signs and symptoms of other general health conditions such as diabetes they should be so that they can understand eye problems that are related to them. So as to provide the best eye care for the people with visual disabilities, there has been an increasing demand for optometrists to become an ideal foil for ophthalmologists.